Evansville addiction treatment centers provide services for people dealing with Xanax abuse, which can lead to serious health complications. Long-term Xanax abuse can also lead to tolerance, dependency and addiction, especially in those people using the medication for recreational purposes. Taking the drug for any purpose that isn't prescribed by a doctor is considered Xanax abuse.
Xanax is the trade name for alprazolam, a prescription medication commonly used to treat anxiety, panic disorders, seizures and muscle spasms. Alprazolam is a sedative-hypnotic benzodiazepine drug that has a high potential for abuse and addiction. It is classified as a Schedule IV medication in the United States under the Controlled Substances Act.
Common street names for Xanax include Zannies, Zan-bars, benzos, downers, and tranks.
Similar benzodiazepine drugs include diazepam (Valium) and chlordiazepoxide (Librium). Benzodiazepine drugs enhance the effect of a particular neurotransmitter in the brain known as the GABA receptor. Use of the drug can have sedative and hypnotic effects, which induce drowsiness, as well as anticonvulsant and muscle relaxant properties.
As with many other sedative-hypnotic prescription medications, Xanax is often used for recreational purposes. Using medication intended for someone else, taking it to get high or stoned, or taking the medication at higher doses than the doctor prescribed all constitute drug abuse.
Evansville drug rehab centers staff are trained in knowing the common signs and symptoms associated with Xanax abuse. These include mood-related symptoms, such as:
- Mood swings
- Suicidal thoughts
People abusing alprazolam may exhibit some common physical symptoms. These include:
- Dry mouth
- Slurred speck
- Blurred vision
- Impaired coordination
- Swelling in hands or feet
- Heart palpitations
- Abnormally rapid heartbeat
Some common behavioral symptoms of Xanax abuse to watch for include:
- Visiting more than one doctor to gain more prescriptions
- Forging prescriptions
- Crushing pills to try and get a better effect
- Taking higher doses than prescribed by the doctor
- Neglecting work or family responsibilities
- Reduction or decline in work or school performance